is the most widely used microbial strain all over the world since many centuries, knowingly or unknowingly. This strain has its applications in various industries like brewery, fermentation, bakery, feed, bioremediation and many others. It is commonly known as Baker's yeast or Brewer's yeast.
Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast is a single cell microorganism which specialized in fermentation of broad range of sugar molecules in anaerobic condition like - glucose, fructose, maltose, etc. and they produces carbon dioxide, ethanol and many other organic components as a by-product.Some of the industrial uses of Saccharomyces cerevisiae are:
Brewing Industry: It is also referred to as a brewer's yeast worldwide due to its broad applications in the brewing industry, especially in the industry. The relationship between saccharomyces cerevisiae and dates back into Egyptian history as ribosomal DNA of saccharomyces cerevisiae was found in the container dating back to 3150 BC and it was confirmed by Louis Pasteur in 1860 that yeast can be used for drink making. Some of the advantages of using Saccharomyces cerevisiae in the industry are as follows:
- Improvement of physicochemical properties.
- Reducing the ethanol content.
- Enhancement of aroma.
- High yield in fermentation.
Bread is one of the oldest staples we have had since centuries and one of the most common staples we can find in every corner of the earth. The first evidence of bread goes back to around the first millennium in Egypt and China. It is also referred to as a baker's yeast worldwide due to its wide applications in the baking industry, especially in bread making.
Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain is mixed with floor and other ingredients to make a dough and then the S. cerevisiae starts the fermentation. The yeast requires optimum condition of 34- 38 Â°C, and pH 4.0- 5.2.Some of the advantages of using Saccharomyces cerevisiae in baking industry are as follows:
- Break the complex carbohydrates like starch, sucrose, etc. into simpler ones like glucose and fructose.
- Increases the bread dough volume.
- High yield due to high rate of fermentation.
- Texture and softness enhancer.
- Chocolate Industry: Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast in the chocolate industry for the removal of polyphenolic and alcaloides components from the cocoa raw material. This increases the flavor and essence in the chocolate.
- Used in the bio-ethanol production.
- Used as animal feed additives as it complement the digestive system of animals in proper digestion and maintaining good health.